If you’re a garden enthusiast that loves to try new things then we have something for you! You might already know how to grow coriander, saffron and even runner beans. But you know what? Nothing can be more exotic and enchanting than the fragrant smell of jasmine. The strong aroma of this delicate bloom can swiftly fill your room or garden. The majority of jasmine plants bloom in the summer and produce cream, pink or white flowers, but they can also bloom in the winter.
The idea here is that jasmine requires more pruning than other plants. Rose bushes are a good example! We will go over it step by step and you will learn in this guide all that you need to know to prune at the proper time of year so that you do not miss out on blossoming growth for the next year.
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Jasmine, or jasminum officinale, is a genus of shrubs and vines which belong to the olive family. Around 200 species are native to Eurasia and Oceania tropical and warm temperate climates. The fragrant flowers are commonly grown indoors and outdoors for their aroma and their blossoms thrive in hot weather.
The scent of jasmine can be found in a variety of products, including teas, candles, soaps, and lotions. It has glossy, brilliant green leaves and prefers sun to partial shade as well as healthy, well-drained soil types. Some jasmine plants are evergreen, which means they preserve their green foliage throughout the year. While jasmine requires some care to grow, it is well worth it because the plants produce flowers that can brighten and flourish your garden like never before.
When is the right time to prune different jasmine types?
Summer flowering jasmine blooms not only (as its name says) in the summer but in early autumn as well. Whereas, winter jasmine, which is deciduous, blooms in the late winter and early spring on vines that have grown throughout the previous season. To give the vines time to develop blooms for the next growing season, prune them just after they flower. There’s a risk of chopping the flower buds if you do this before they bloom, and they won’t be able to produce any flowers.
How to prune jasmine vines outdoors
When grown outdoors, these climbing plants may add a splash of colour to a fence or patio. Give your jasmine a hard pruning right after it blooms, and then continue up with mild pruning throughout the year:
1. Prune the vines as soon as they flower
Summer jasmine blooms from April to June, so do it once a year, preferably in late summer or early autumn. Winter type blooms from March to April. That’s why you should give it a strong pruning once it has finished blooming in late April. Pruning soon after flowering allows new growth to mature so that the plant can flower fully the next season.
2. Deal with one portion of the stem at a time
Start from the bottom and work your way up a single stem, eliminating unwanted growth as you go if your jasmine is thick. After that, cut away the branches that you don’t want to reveal the main vine. Check if it’s knotted with other vines so you can isolate it from the rest of the group and retrain it.
3. Chop down any dead vines to the ground level
Vines that are dead, diseased, or severely damaged should be totally removed. Remove all dead or broken leaves from the stems, but leave the vertical vine if it is still alive and well. Identify weaker vines that are slender and have fewer blooms every other year. Cut them all the way down to the ground. The plant will generate stronger vines as a result of this. Keep in mind that you need to cut back no more than 13% of the overall vines.
4. Branches that cross each other should be thinned out
Take a step back and look at the branches’ directions. Keep an eye out for vines that are growing away from the supports. Remove any weaker stems from new growth to enable more air and light into the vine.
5. Reduce the length of the vines to prevent the jasmine from becoming top-heavy
Cutting back part of the vines to roughly 1 m can keep your plant balanced and prevent damage to your fence or other supports. Within one or two seasons, vines that have been pruned will regrow.
6. Retrain and untangle vines that grow in the wrong direction
While trimming your jasmine, keep an eye out for vines that are growing in an unwelcome direction. If you don’t want to cut these vines, gently twist them in the direction you want them to go and bind them with twine. Tighten the tie just enough to keep the vine in place, but not too much if you want to avoid any damages.
7. Light pruning will keep your jasmine in shape all year
Pruning jasmine should be done all year as it is a robust grower, with a focus on removing any dead or damaged leaves or stems. Monthly light pruning will make the heavy pruning after flowering smoother.
8. Cut back overgrown jasmine to the ground to rejuvenate it
Jasmine is a strong grower that can endure heavy trimming. If your jasmine has outgrown its container, cut it back to make sure that it stays between 60-70cm above the ground level.
How to prune jasmine vines indoors
When jasmine is grown as an indoor plant, it particularly requires a lot of pruning. Take a look!
1. Give the plant a hard trimming after the flowers have faded
Cut the flowering shoots and a third of the new growth as soon as your jasmine is done blooming to help limit the size of your plant. Remove any stems that have already flowered, as well as any bare lower stems or leaves that are dead or damaged. If you want to grow jasmine vertically, insert a hoop or wire trellis in the container after pruning to help support the vines.
2. Remove any dead branches as soon as they appear
Your jasmine will cease growing if you don’t remove the dead blooms and branches. Cut non-flowering branches all the way through the stem’s base and pinch off any dead flowers. If your jasmine is losing leaves, it could be because it isn’t getting enough sunlight. Attempt to relocate it to make sure that it receives full sun.
3. To avoid overgrowth, trim as needed
Jasmine can grow quickly. If not trimmed regularly indoors, it will quickly outgrow the pots. Cut 10 to 20% of new parts as needed on a weekly basis, but avoid regular pruning while the plant is blooming. Once the blossoming has finished, do a hard trimming.
4. Only re-pot in the spring when the plant is entirely pot bound
When jasmine is somewhat pot bound, it blossoms the best. You may see more leaves and fewer flowers if your jasmine is in a larger pot. When roots begin to grow through drainage holes in the pot or when roots can be seen through the top of the soil, then you know it’s time to re-pot. The new pot for your jasmine should be larger than the old one. Ideally, you should go for 2.5 or 5.0 cm at least.
5. Trim the roots when repotting your jasmine
If you root-prune your jasmine, you can usually put it back in the same pot without having to buy a bigger one. That way, you can keep the size of your indoor jasmine under check by root-pruning it. The greatest time to take care of the roots is shortly after it has blossomed. Cut back 1/3 of the roots from the outside after removing them from the pot. If you’re going for the root part, be sure you’re also going to do the top part as we explained above.
6. Training jasmine vines
If you wish to optimise the visual impact of your jasmine vines, you’ll need to train them. Otherwise, they will look messy and cover other houseplants. Here’s what you need to do!
7. Place the supports about 5 cm from the wall
If you want your jasmine to climb a wall or fence freely, make sure the supports are spaced far enough apart so the vines can twine around them and grow loosely. In general, your support structure’s lowest wire or wooden batten should be at least 30 cm above soil level.
8. Bamboo canes are a good place to start young plants
Jasmine plants are usually grown in pots and then moved to the garden in late spring once the vines have begun to flourish. Bamboo canes should be placed directly in the pots, and new vines should be twined around them.
Within four weeks, vines will begin to develop. Allow the plant to develop until its roots have completely filled the starter or seedling pot, then transplant it outside. When you move your jasmine outside, leave the vines trained around the bamboo canes. Set your jasmine 20 to 30 cm apart from the supports when planting to ensure that the plant’s direction will be the one you want.
9. Remove any weak growth that interferes with your primary framework
To help train your vines in the appropriate direction, wind the bamboo canes from the potted jasmine through the wires or wooden battens of your support. Then, remove any outgrowing stems or branches that don’t contribute to the shape of your jasmine after you’ve established it.
10. Train the growth by tying in winter jasmine
Despite the fact that winter jasmine can be grown vertically, it is not a climber. The plant will grow upwards and cover the structure if vertical branches are tied to a fence or trellis.
Once you follow the steps above, you will notice straight away that proper annual pruning of the different types of jasmine will make a significant impact on their look. Hence, you maintain that unique scent while giving them the best looks that you can. No need to be a pro gardener. Go out there and start your pruning now!