Upgrade Your Place And Find Out How To Lay Parquet Flooring

We don’t know who you are or what your style preference is, but we do know one thing: you love to add a stylish look to your home. And maybe you’ve already decorated your living room or your bedroom walls, but what could possibly add more harmony than parquet flooring? It is one of the elegant options that can fit any home and serve any style. This flooring design is relatively simple to install, but it is crucial to do so carefully as it emphasises distinct geometric patterns inside the tiles.

Woman is sitting on a wooden table ,reading a book

To ensure that your parquet flooring has a smooth look that highlights its patterns and design, follow our how-to guide for laying parquet flooring. We will walk you through from start to finish and provide guidance on preparation, planning and everything in between. We have also included some helpful maintenance tips and suggestions to help you get the most out of your new floor.

Planning

Anyone considering parquet as a floor covering must know that there are more than just one type of parquets, such as solid parquet or multi-layer parquet. The way the parquet is laid is also determined by its tye. Solid wood parquet must be glued down. But, if you are renting a flat, for example, you should be able to remove it without leaving any residues when you move out. Therefore, “floating installation” is unquestionably better than glueing in this case. 

Typically, you can select from a wide range of floors, including light, medium, and dark herringbone parquet flooring, as well as some other distinct colours. These are often made from real wood species, such as beech, cherry, teak, ebony, bamboo, jatoba, walnut, maple, oak, spruce, pine, ash, larch, and others.

Small paint sample boards

Ultimately, the one that you choose is primarily determined by your personal preferences. Light parquet wood flooring will lighten up your home and is ideal for places in which you want to create a sense of more space. It can provide an unobtrusive backdrop for a variety of styles. Dark oak parquet flooring is better suited to larger spaces and when you want to create a striking contrast with lighter colours. It can also go well with rustic decor. Of course, the floor price has an influence on the product selection.

It’s fair to say you should expect to pay between £150 and £180 per square metre of engineered parquet flooring if there are no major impediments in the shape or condition of the room. When purchasing a parquet, various technical considerations should be made. Not all types of parquet, for example, are ideal for underfloor heating, such as those with herringbone patterns. The hardwood flooring’s durability is also important to keep in mind when you purchase one.

Preparing the subfloor

It’s critical to inspect the condition of yours and leveling the floor before you start. To do so, you can use a device like a spirit level or an electronic laser leveller. Typically, every 1m2 area would have a maximum variance of 3mm.

Remove any baseboards and shoe moulding to expose the surface underneath. Then, to make sure it’s even from wall to wall, use a floor levelling compound. This compound should be applied to any low areas until they are levelled. If there are any areas that are particularly raised, you may need to use a belt sander to level them out. Clean of all dust and debris. Vacuum first, then wipe off any remaining dust with a moist cloth.

Step-by-step guide

Follow the steps below for a perfect finish:

1. Apply the underlay

Once yours is completely prepared, you can apply the underlay across your entire room. Begin by unrolling it across the middle of the room. Make sure the borders meet but do not overlap as you go along, since this will result in an uneven floor.
If you’re laying your floor over concrete, you’ll need a special type that includes a built-in DPM (damp proof membrane). Tape it and its edges together, ensuring that it extends at least 5cm up the wall. It’s also a good idea to leave a 10mm space around radiator pipes.
It is not required to use one with a DPM if the floor is made of engineered wood. Simply tape your chosen one together, ensuring that it runs slightly up the wall to cover the edge of your boards.
If you’re placing flooring over the underfloor heating, make sure yours is totally suitable, meaning it can uniformly transmit heat across the room’s surface. When picking an underfloor heating type, it is recommended that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

2. Secure the parquet

There are five major methods for securing your parquet flooring:

  • Click system

    The majority of parquet floors now include a click system joining technology, which makes the whole process of floor installation straightforward. Every plank would essentially fit together like jigsaw pieces, with no glue or screws required. Parquet flooring installation with white glue

  • Glueing

The use of a special adhesive, which is a flexible glue that is directly applied to the subfloor, is required for glue-down installation. This specialised flexible glue allows your floor’s base to be reasonably flexible, preventing the adhesive from cracking over time and keeping your flooring solid without hurting your hardwood.
If you’re building your floor over concrete, you’ll need to first determine how damp the concrete is. If the moisture level is greater than 5%, you should either wait for it to dry completely or employ a moisture barrier.
This is to guarantee that no moisture penetrates your new flooring, which could lead to swelling over time. Yours must be dry, level, and free of structural flaws. If you have a wooden one, you should lay a piece of plywood (minimum of 4mm) before installing your flooring, which will assist you to achieve a constant surface level throughout your space.
When installing your floor, remember not to use too much adhesive and to clean away any leftover glue with a towel as soon as possible. Ideally, your glue layer should be no thicker than a one-pound coin. Provide the glue evenly and apply a consistent steady pressure along each plank as you lay each area, ensuring that your flooring is completely secure as you go.

  • Floating installation

The floating approach is named after the fact that your floor floats over an underlay rather than being glued to it. Simply apply a coat of PVA glue over the entire length and width of each plank. Then, simply slot the planks together as usual and make sure to clean away any leftover glue.

  • Nailing

Parquet blocks can easily be nailed into existing wooden surfaces if they are level and in good condition. If not, it is recommended that you lay down a 4mm thick plywood layer before installing your floor. To minimise further squeaky problems, carefully inspect the subfloor and make sure that any loose floorboards are properly fastened. Additionally, a simple foam type can be used to provide a noise-reducing barrier.
You can also nail your flooring down over a concrete surface if you install battens or thick plywood (10-12mm) on top of it. Before laying the battens, remember to use a damp-proof membrane. To give the necessary strength, make sure the battens utilised have a depth density of at least 50mm. When nailing your floor, make sure to use a nail gun to secure the nails.
Nails should be inclined 45 degrees towards the centre of the plank and should run straight into the subfloor. Your flooring may break and potentially cause major damage to the surface or pipes underneath the ground level if a nail is accidentally driven too deeply into the wood. As a result, we recommend that you test your nail gun before installing it.

  • Screwing

    Another excellent option is to screw your flooring to your joists, subfloor or floorboards. The method is quite similar to nailing in theory and practice, but with the addition of screws. Tongue-tite screws are specialised screws that go through the tongue of the board and into the subfloor. Simply place each screw at a 30 to 40-degree angle and screw it in toward the centre of your board. The screws will then bring the boards together tightly, securing and tightening them.

3. Fitting your parquet floor

The majority of parquet floors are quite easy to fit as long as they feature a click system locking mechanism:

  • Marking the floor

    Prior to cutting, try to mark your floor so that your work is consistent and neat. When marking your floor, you should try to use a pencil or chalk because it is less noticeable and easier to remove. This is the most effective strategy for reducing the likelihood of errors.A man is fitting a parquet floor

  • Choose the right tools

    When it comes to cutting your floor, chop saws are normally very stable, but the blade in position must be quite sharp. On the other hand, you may also use circular saws to cut long and straight lines. Jigsaws are typically used to cut around items like pipelines, toilets, and stairs. Use these tools outside to avoid dust gathering in the house during installing.

  • Cut your floor

    Keep in mind that while cutting, the top layer of your flooring might easily chip. To avoid the boards from being damaged or chipped, use a saw with very fine teeth/blades and cut just down into the board. If you’re using a hand saw, be sure to cut the board while it’s face up.
    If you’re fitting around pipes, make a notation on the board you’re going to lay with the pipe’s location. Simply drill a hole about 10mm larger than the pipe’s diameter and make two angle-saw cuts from the board’s edge. Finally, carefully fit the board around the pipe and glue the small off-cut wedge at the pipe’s back.
    To fill any expansion gap, add a finishing touch like skirting boards or beading around the edges and you can also add hard wax oil, varnish or lacquer to protect the floor.

How to take care of your parquet floor

The challenge with any wooden floor is to keep it looking and performing well for as long as possible. It can last anywhere from 20 to 30 years, depending on the thickness. The variation in life expectancy is usually determined by the high quality of the floor, how well it was installed, and how much traffic it receives. Improper maintenance, such as the use of harsh chemicals and frequent contact with water, can significantly diminish the floor’s resilience and lifespan.

Protect your parquet floor with the right care and it will look lovely for years:

Mop cleaning wooden floor from dust

  • Dry clean the floor with a microfibre or wool dust mop on a daily basis to eliminate dust and light crumbs.
  • Wet spills should be wiped up as soon as possible with absorbent paper towels. Sticky stains can be removed using a moist washcloth or sponge.
  • Vacuum with a brush attachment once a week or as needed.
  • To keep your wood floor looking bright and lustrous, use a cleaning product specialised for wood floors once a month, or as needed.
  • Avoid using wood furniture dusting products on parquet floors because they might make them dangerously slick.
  • Unless you’ve chosen pre-finished or laminate blocks, don’t use a steam mop during the floor sanding. Heat and moisture may wreak havoc on the floor and even cause the wood grain to bulge.
  • Floor wax or polishing products designed for vinyl or ceramic tile floors should not be used.
  • To protect your floor’s finish, place rugs in high-traffic areas.
  • To avoid scratches, place stick-on silicone or felt protectors under furniture legs.

 With this easy step-by-step guide, you can create a stunning floor design in any living room using parquet tiles. Anyone can do it and you don’t necessarily need a fitter as you now know how to fit it yourself. Just be sure to read any of the manufacturer’s instructions closely before you get started on this DIY project.

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