You might have taken care of your Philodendron and your Pothos plants, but what about that green guy over there? Is your Monstera plant getting too big? Wondering if you can propagate it and have a house full of beautiful Swiss cheese plants, and without any cost? You can, and you will be surprised how easy it is!
Monsteras are some of the best indoor plants. They love medium, indirect light and with a little care and the right growing conditions, they can easily take over your living area. Finding the best way to arrange them in your living room will liven up space and enhance the quality of your life! In this guide, we will tell you all you need to know on how to propagate Monstera Deliciosa with easy steps. Let’s get right to it!
Table of Contents
Why we propagate
It is very heartening to see your plants growing, but they will not always grow in the way you want them to. Monsteras are not only resilient and hardy, but they are also rapidly growing houseplants.
From a mini-plant to a full-blown one, it takes only a couple of months. Therefore, they are an ideal plant to propagate from. Doing this will not only bring more greenery into your home, but it will also give a new lease of life to the mother plant.
The main reason for propagating is to keep your plant under control. The Swiss cheese plant grows very quickly – tripling its height in a year, even more, and the green leaves grow pretty wide as well.
So, since you are going to cut back your Monsteras after some time anyways, why not grow a new plant at the same time. Propagating is a free way of getting more of your favourite plant in your home!
What parts of a monstera will propagate?
You can’t plant a Monstera leaf and expect it to start growing. You can spread Monsteras from cuttings. However, you have to be careful and choose the stem section with at least one node.
The brown, circular rings on the stem are the nodes from where the new leaves and aerial roots will form. If the cutting includes more parts of the plant, it will establish as a separate one quicker.
The parts of Monstera that won’t spread are:
- Leaves without any stem
- Roots without stem
- Stem with no leaves and no nodes
If you select a stem section with around 2-3 nodes, it will be good enough. The longer the stem section is, the greater its energy store and thus, it will be able to produce new shoots more quickly.
How to propagate a monstera plant via stem cuttings
Do you know how to grow plants from cuttings? There are various ways of propagating a Monstera Plant, and this is one of the straightforward ones. You will need the following things:
- Clean shears/Scissors or knife
- Glass jar
- Filtered water
- New pot
- Potting soil
1. Find the cutting
It is essential to ensure that the part of the plant that you are cutting is healthy to increase the chances of successful propagation. The more nodes your cutting has, the quicker the propagation process will be.
2. Cut the section
It can be slightly scary to prune or cut a part of your plant since we are afraid of damaging them. However, don’t worry – simply follow our instructions and you will be fine. Take a pair of shears/scissors or a sharp knife, ensuring that the tool is clean to avoid infecting your plant. Make a clean, diagonal cut to increase the surface area of the plant cutting.
3. Fill a container with water
Fill up a glass jar with fresh, room temperature water to place the Monstera cutting into. If you can get purified water – to keep the levels of chlorine and fluoride in check – that would be great.
4. Place the cutting into the water
Now you have to place the cutting into the water. Keep the node(s) dipped in the water so that the roots can grow out of there easily. Don’t keep the jar in direct sunlight, as intense light will damage your Monstera cutting.
5. Change the water regularly
It is crucial to keep changing the water every couple of days to keep it from getting stagnant, smelly, and full of bacteria. You will have to be patient after this. Just keep changing the water and wait for the roots to start growing.
It will take a couple of weeks and even months for the new Monstera plant to grow, and there is nothing to be worried about.
6. Plant the cuttings into the potting mix
Once the roots on the cutting have matured enough, you can put the cutting into the soil. This will take at least 2 months, and your cutting will have a thick, healthy root ball. Use the high-quality potting mix to help with aeration and drainage. Be careful and don’t damage the newly formed, delicate roots as you place them in the pot.
How to propagate a monstera plant via separation
If your Monstera plant has various stems growing within the same pot, you can use this step by step method.
1. Find the different offshoots
When you search for a part of the plant to divide it, the location will become very obvious since the offshoots will be completely separate. Each of the stems will have leaves growing out of them.
2. Take the plant out of the pot
Since you have to divide the root system, you have to take the Monstera out of the pot. Lift the plant out carefully and remove the mix around the roots. Run your fingers through them to loosen the soil and separate them a bit. Make sure that you don’t damage the roots.
3. Divide the sections
Pull the two sections apart from each other. If you have to slice the roots a bit to separate the sections, it is alright as long as you don’t damage the root system and hinder the root development and root growth.
4. Place the section in fresh mix or water
Repot the main plant back into its pot. After repotting, you can plant the new Monstera directly into another pot or keep it in the water for a while. Voila! Your propagation is complete! Keep caring for your Monstera and ensure it gets plenty of humidity, warmth, and light to thrive.
How to propagate a monstera via air layering
Propagating Monstera via this method can be slightly tricky. So, we recommend that you go for it only if you are an experienced gardener and know your way around houseplants. If you are doing it for the first time, then go with monstera propagation by stem cutting.
1. Find a healthy stem
When you are going with air layering, it is essential that you use a healthy, strong part of the Monstera main stem. Don’t use any part of the plant showing signs of sunburn, or is yellow, brown, etc.
2. Make an incision into the stem
With the help of a clean knife, make a vertical incision into the stem. Don’t go all the way through to the other side – go only halfway through the stem. With the help of a toothpick, hold the incision open.
3. Attach peat moss to the stem
The next thing you have to do is to tie the sphagnum moss around the stem with the incision. Use garden wire, plant ties, or brown string to secure the peat moss to the stem. Wrap plastic around it, leaving some air pockets around the peat moss.
4. Pot the new cutting
After a few weeks, new roots will start to grow out of the peat moss. Once this happens, slice the cutting off the plant, and pot it into a new, fresh mix. Handle the cutting with care since the roots will be delicate in the new growth.
What affects propagation success?
Monstera indoor plants and cuttings are resilient and tolerant of conditions, position, growing medium, etc. Still, you can do a few plant care things to increase the likelihood of success.
Time of year
You should spread Monstera in spring or summer when the plant is actively growing. You can take a cutting even in winter, but your cutting will take longer to start as a new plant since the plant is dormant.
Monsteras love warmth and brightness and will grow quicker if you place them on a windowsill.
Watering plants the right way is always vital to their growth. After placing the cutting into the mix, you have to keep the soil moist, not wet. Water the plant once the ground feels a bit dry – don’t overwater them as it will result in root rot. Filtered water will also help in making the propagation a success.
Common mistakes – Troubleshooting
Some of the common mistakes that people make while propagating Monstera are:
- Using blunt shears
- Placing the cutting in direct sunlight
- Not changing the water
If it has been a long time, and your cutting hasn’t started to form roots, it probably indicates that the environment is too cold and the plant has gone dormant. Make sure that the environment is warm and add some rooting hormone to catalyse the formation of roots. Some people suggest that you shouldn’t change the water as this will remove the nutrients from the cutting, but we recommend that you keep the water fresh to keep harmful bacteria from ruining your cutting.
If your Monstera stem starts to decompose, it means that the weather conditions are not right. Keep your plant in a well-lit, humid space. Moreover, get rooting hormones to help the stem grow and recover quickly. Trim off the damaged part entirely and change the water to ensure that no bacteria are causing your stem to decompose.
Monstera grows vigorously and is very easy to propagate, even for beginner gardeners. From adding a splash of greenery to your home to keeping the mother plant healthy, there are various reasons why you should propagate it. Hopefully, the tips and techniques that we have mentioned in this Monstera Deliciosa care guide will be helpful so you can add some more to your beautiful home. Good Luck, Folks!