Gardening For Beginners: How To Plant Flowers The Right Way

Thinking about planting a garden? Well, who can blame you? Planting flowers in your backyard can add to the beauty of your lawn and create a vibrant scene. However, if you’re new to flower gardening, it might be difficult to know where to start, what flowers to plant, how often to water them, and how to keep your garden in good shape.

Beautiful romance garden

Fortunately, you don’t need to be an expert to start gardening and planting flowers. In this guide, we will walk you through the whole process step by step and provide top tips on maintaining your new flowers and keeping them fresh.

Planning your garden

There are a few things to keep in mind before you start planting new flower beds in the garden, such as: 

1. Existing borders

Plant large groups of annuals, perennials, and bulbs appropriate for cutting to allow for picking without altering the overall beauty of the existing borders. Remember to include a few well-chosen shrubs and grasses with foliage in your design. To extend the picking season, use bulbs.

2. Cut flowers

If you have enough space, dedicate a section to growing only flowers meant for decorative purposes. They are preferable to harvesting from borders because they minimise depleting garden beds and provide a more productive designed space for gardeners. Planting or sowing in rows makes weeding, staking, and picking such an easy task.

Young woman planning her garden by choosing flowers

Allow for access between the rows and consider the final spread of the plants. Plants that are too close together will collide, become tangled, and possibly be harmed, making them less suited for picking. Because taller plants are frequently produced for decorative reasons, sturdy supports are frequently required.

3. Choosing the location 

Rich, weed-free soil is required for flowers. Organic matter (one or two buckets per square metre) applied annually to sandy and clay soils will certainly help to retain moisture and enhance the structure of the soil.

Watering will be important to achieve good stem length during dry summers. A general fertiliser that can aid with tall, healthy growth and profuse blossoms can help a not-so-good location become what your plants need.

You can use 5-7 cm mulch with weed-free composted manure or bark to keep the weeds suppressed and retain the soil’s moisture. Most flowers like to be in the sun, but a few, such as Solomon’s seal, Acanthus Spinosus, and Heuchera, can endure some shadow. Windy locations should be avoided because high flowers will require more vigorous staking. If possible, stay away from frost pockets.

Choosing the plants 

Make sure that the plants you’re going to choose are appropriate for the landscaping project. Always keep track of plant or seed performance for future reference:

Annuals

Buying annual seeds is less expensive than perennials such as sunflowers, sweet peas, morning glories, cosmos, marigold, pansies, impatiens, zinnia, nasturtiums, salvia, dahlias, cornflower, and larkspur.

They must be sown every year, although this can be a good time to experiment with new or different garden plants. By sowing in the autumn or propagating plants in a greenhouse (which you can build on your own), short flowering seasons can be extended.

Herbaceous perennials

Select perennials with a long picking season. Plants with leaves should be included. Many perennials that are grown from seed do not flower the first year. Some plants, such as Achillea millefolium, summer pastels, Agastache, echinacea, and delphinium, can flower in the same growing season if planted after the last frost date.

Bulbs

Because many bulbs begin blooming in late winter or early spring, they are ideal for cut flower gardens. Plant early and late-flowering cultivars to extend the picking season. Tulips and hyacinths, for example, may not flower in subsequent years, so consider taking out the bulbs and replacing them with new stock each year.

Bulbs can be driven by roots in cool weather outside for a period of time before bringing them indoors to flower in mid-winter. Narcissi, for example, can thrive in grass or deciduous shade, where blooms can be harvested without lowering the number of blossoms in the garden.

Shrubs in a garden

Shrubs

In the winter and early spring, evergreens and early-flowering shrubs such as camellia, Japanese quince (Chaenomeles), forsythia, and witch hazel (Hamamelis) can supply great cutting material.

Shrubs can produce an abundance of attractive leaves all year round. Before you prune your bushes, give them time to settle in and flower.

Climbers

Climbers are beneficial because they produce not just flowers but also attractive seed heads like clematis and roses.

Step-by-step guide: How to plant your flowers

Follow these simple steps to add flowers to your favourite spots and make your outdoor space even more beautiful:

Step 1: Get your flowers

Pick up some excellent pre-potted plants from your neighbourhood garden store. Make sure to get ones that appear to be in good health and are free of pests. You can also buy a few bulbs to start growing flowers from scratch. Take a look at the plants we listed above to help you get started. All the plants above are suitable for the UK climate. 

Step 2: Place your flowers in the appropriate spot

After you’ve bought your plants and bulbs, you can start planning where they’ll go. Some plants like to be in the shade, while others thrive in full sun. Each plant should come with a small information card, so have a brief look at it before you start planting. You will also want to make sure they are not in a spot hidden from view.

Step 3: Dig a hole

It’s time to start digging. Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball with your trowel. If you’re using a bulb, simply dig a hole larger than the flower pot so that It can be secure in place. 

Step 4: Fertilisers

Add a little fertiliser to the potting soil if you really want your plants to come out very fit and healthy. However, if you put too much, the plant’s roots will be burned, and the plant will die. For this reason, it’s always important to stick to the instructions on the package. Also, you can use fillers, such as Petunias, Geraniums, and Gerber daisies, for your plants.

Step 5: Fill the hole with your bulb or plant

Plant your bulb or potted plant in the centre of the hole once the soil has been fertilised. Make sure to allow some space on the sides. When you remove the plant out of the pot, be careful because the dirt may crumble in your hands. 

A man working in the garden

Step 6: Cover your plant or bulb

If you’re planting a bulb, cover it with a thin layer of loose soil dirt. Soak the dirt with water until it’s completely saturated, and continue layering dirt and water on top of the bulb until it is completely covered. 

If you’re using a potted plant, fill up the gaps on the edges with soil, soak it in water, and repeat. Allow the water to soak in before pressing firmly on top of your layers to ensure the plant is secure in place.

Step 7: Mulch the plant

Sprinkle some around the base of the plant or bulb once it has been properly set in a layer of topsoil, and be careful not to hide the stem.

Step 8: Water 

Give your plant or bulb a final drink. This will aid in the absorption of nutrients from the mulch.

Step 9: Let the sun now do the rest

All that remains now is for the sun to take over and finish the job. Once you see your garden develop as a result of your own hard work, you’ll realise that all your efforts have paid off well.

Maintaining your flowers

Now that you are done with planting, it is crucial to take the appropriate measures for healthy growth:

1. Water on a regular basis

Unless you live in an area where it rains every day, take the time to water your flowers. Although individual needs vary depending on humidity and plant type, it is almost always the case that you will need to water each plant using a watering can that is close to the soil to prevent disrupting the blooms or creating soil erosion. You can also have an automated sprinkler or drip system installed to do the work for you.

2. Weed the area

Allowing weeds to take the stage in your little garden will detract from the beauty of your flowers. Pull weeds from the potting mix around your flowers as soon as you notice them. Weeds are not only unsightly, but they also deplete the nutrients and space in the ground that your flowers require to thrive. If you have a hard time with them, try using an electric weed burner.

Woman deadheading dry roses in garden

3. Deadhead the flowers and add support

Cut off blooms on your flowers when they die or become old and wilted. Cutting off the dead buds and leaves encourages new growth, making your flowers even more lovely than before. 

If your flowers are tall, they may become too heavy to stand on their own over time. Plants can lean against or wrap around bamboo poles or forked branches that are erect in the ground for support. 

This is especially important for vine-like blooms that develop by wrapping around things. As you continue to nurture your flowers, they may outgrow the area you had designated for them. Consider relocating them to a larger space from time to time. This will ensure that your garden remains large, healthy, and attractive.

If you are a beginner, you now have learned how to plant flowers and freshen up your outside environment with just a few basic garden equipment and common materials. Success will be measured by healthy, low maintenance, beautiful flowers. Rest assured, some will bloom the first summer, but the whole spectacle will be on full display the following year and for many years to come! Now go out there and create an amazing flower wall with all these flowers!

Scroll to Top
Send this to a friend