A Step-By-Step Guide On How To Paint Pine Furniture

Wood furniture is always in fashion and a safe choice to equip your house with. Wood is also a very popular material to use on your DIY projects, as you can create your own furniture and try upcycling. You can, for example, make a garden bench for your garden or patio, or you can paint your kitchen cabinets, the stairs, or your garden furniture on your own and improve the overall look of your house.

A bedroom with a pine bed and bedside table with a lamp

There are so many furniture ideas with which you can equip your dining room or living room. Specifically, pine furniture is an even more popular choice as you can create whatever shape and design you like due to its soft texture that distinguishes pine from other types of wood. But it’s also a versatile material when it comes to furniture makeovers to boost your home decor. In addition, pine is an easy material for DIY woodworking projects. Thus, if you want to upcycle your old items, follow our step-by-step guide on how to paint pine furniture.

Cleaning and sanding your pine furniture

Before starting painting a piece of furniture, you need to prepare your pine dresser or your pine bedroom piece. Like all wooden furniture, you need to clean the surface first from dust and dirt. If pine wood isn’t varnished, it’s rather porous and absorbent, and watermarks can be created if you don’t clean it properly. So let’s see how to treat pine, whether it’s painted furniture or not. You can also read our guide on “How to remove stains from wood” if you face a more serious case.

Man holding sanding block on table sanding surface

Varnished pine wood

If you have a varnished pine chest of drawers, you need to clean it following the below steps:

  1. Get a damp cloth and, using a commercial cleaner for varnished furniture, remove the surface stain.
  2. Then, it’s sanding time. First, sand the surface lightly to make it rough enough to help the primer or paint adhere. To make things easier, use a sander with 120 grit sandpaper.
  3. Wipe the surface again with a cloth and white spirit and re-varnish the stained areas.

Waxed pine wood

For a waxed pine table, for example, you should:

  1. Get wire wool and rub the surface following the direction of the wood grain. This will help your remove any marks.
  2. Then, apply beeswax for refinishing. Just make sure you read the instructions, especially if it’s the first time you use such a product.

Oiled pine wood

If you want to prepare an oiled pinewood for painting, you only need to polish any marks using a clean, dry cloth and furniture polish. Just make sure to reoil your solid pine piece of furniture at least every six months.

A young couple priming a garden pine table

Vintage pine wood furniture

To revamp vintage furniture, you need to do a few more things:

  1. First, sand the surface gently with fine sandpaper, following the direction of the wood grain. This way, you’ll be able to remove varnish, dirt and grease build-up.
  2. Then, use a wood filler designed for pine and the same colour to fill scratches and holes.
  3. Next, reapply varnish, wax or oil.
  4. Finally, using a soft dry cloth, polish the surface.

Priming your pine furniture

After cleaning and sanding your pine surface, you need to prime it.  Again, the steps are different depending on whether your item is unpainted or not.

Priming unpainted pine surface

As soon as you have cleaned the surface and refilled and covered any holes and knots with a wood filler, then:

  1. Spray knots with lacquer to cover them and let the lacquer dry for a while.
  2. Then,  apply a latex primer. Two coats will be enough to block any stains. Just let the first coat of primer dry before applying the second one.
  3. Next, sand the surface to remove all the shiny areas. If there are any varnished spots left, the paint won’t adhere.

Priming over old coats of paint

If you want to give a new look to already painted furniture, then you need to use an oil-based primer.  More specifically, apply 2 coats of oil-based primer and then let it dry for 8 to 24 hours. Once it has dried, you can paint the surface.

Someone holding a paintbrush paint a pine furniture

Painting pine furniture with a brush and roller

Pinewood is versatile and can accept almost all types of paint; latex paint, gloss, semi-gloss, or flat paint, oil-based paint, alkyd paint or even chalk paint. Choose the one that suits best your needs.

You’ve chosen your paint colour and type. And now what? The process is almost the same for all kinds of paint but chalk paint. So let’s see what you should do in both cases.

Painting pine furniture with chalk paint

Annie Sloan chalk paint requires almost no prep work. Most of the time, you only need to wipe the surface and start painting.

A set of tools to chalk paint pine furniture

Now, to chalk paint an armoire, for example, you need:

  • An oval bristle paintbrush or a roller
  • Chalk paint (choose the colour you like the most)
  • Sandpaper
  • Furniture wax
  • A lint-free cloth

Now, follow these simple steps:

  1. Grab your brush and paint the surface in all directions with the chalk paint you have chosen.
  2. Allow chalk paint to dry.
  3.  For better coverage, apply a second coat and let it dry as well.
  4. Then, with a brush, apply the furniture wax. Ensure you cover all the surfaces, including any nooks and crannies.
  5. Using a lint-free cloth, you can get rid of any excess wax.
  6. If possible, don’t touch the item for 5-21 days until wax dries. If you can’t avoid touching it, do it with extra care.

Painting pine furniture with latex paint

Another way to paint your pine piece of furniture is with latex paint. If you have a large area to paint, you might consider using spray paint, as it’s easier and quicker to apply, plus it dries faster and creates a beautiful finish.

Set of tools for painting on wooden table background top view

Needed Materials and tools:

  • Latex paint
  • A paint stick
  • A paint tray
  • A paintbrush, a roller or a spray painter (depending on the surface)

Now, once you clean, sand and prime your surface:

  1. Stir the paint very well with a paint stick and pour some amount into a paint tray.
  2. Dip a clean brush into the paint and apply a light coat.
  3. Let it dry for at least 2 hours. Check, though, the instructions to be sure fort the exact time the paint takes to dry.
  4. Then, apply a second coat and let it dry as well.
  5. Depending on the furniture makeover, you may need to apply a third or even a fourth coat to get the desired colour and coverage.

Extra tip: For extra protection of busy items, like a sideboard οr a table, you can use eggshell wood paint. 

Sealing your paint job

The last step is to protect your paint job. You should seal the paint to last longer and protect your item from any scratches and knocks. That’s why you need to apply, as long as the top coat of paint has dried, wood varnish.

A man's holding a can of clear coat wood varnish to seal pine furniture

How to care for your pine furniture

Just painting your old pine furniture want help it to last longer. It needs further care.

  1. Avoid direct sunlight as UV rays can damage it, causing cracks.
  2. Always use placemats to place too hot or too cold objects on pine furniture.
  3. When it comes to cleaning pine, use cleaning products specially designed for pine wood. 
  4. Polish or wax pine regularly. 
  5. Pine is a very sensitive wood. Check it often for any damages and changes.
  6.  Wipe weekly pine furniture to prevent any stains and discolouration from dust build-up.

A pine bed and bedside table

Having said all the above, you can revamp your pine furniture very easy! You don’t need special equipment. A simple paintbrush, sandpaper and a lint-free cloth can work miracles on your pines! Choose the colour you like and follow our tutorial to achieve the best results.

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